What Is Artificial Intelligence? | Learn about (AI)
What Is Artificial Intelligence?
What Is Artificial Intelligence? (AI) This post sums up the perception of artificial intelligence for most of us but at present, we’re at no risk of being destroyed by machines however the tech tycoon Elon Musk begs to differ he quotes that Artificial Intelligence is a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization now whether artificial intelligence is a threat or not is debatable let me know your thoughts in the comment section for now let me introduce you to artificial intelligence the term artificial intelligence was first coined decades ago in the year 1956 by John McCarty at the Dartmouth conference.
He defined artificial intelligence as the science and engineering of making intelligent machines in a sense Artificial Intelligence is a technique of getting machines to work and behave like humans in the recent past AI has been able to accomplish this by creating machines and robots that are being used in a wide range of fields including healthcare robotics marketing business analytics and many more however many AI applications are not perceived as AI because we often tend to think of artificial intelligence as robots doing our daily course but the truth is artificial intelligence has found its way into our daily lives.
It has become so general that we don’t realize we use it all the time for instance have you ever wondered how Google is able to give you such accurate search results or how your Facebook feed always gives you content based on your interest the answer to these questions is artificial intelligence now before I go any further let me clear a very common misconception people often tend to think that artificial intelligence machine learning and deep learning are the same since they have common applications, for example, Siri is an application of AI machine learning.
So how are these technologies deleted artificial intelligence is the science of getting machines to mimic the behavior of humans machine learning is a subset of AI that focuses on getting machines to make decisions by feeding them data on the other hand deep learning is a subset of machine learning that uses the concept of neural networks to solve complex problems so to sum it up artificial intelligence machine learning and deep learning are interconnected fields machine learning and deep learning needs artificial intelligence by providing a set of algorithms and neural networks to solve data-driven problems.
However, AI is not restricted to only machine learning and deep learning it covers a vast domain of fields including natural language processing object detection computer vision robotics expert systems, and so on now artificial intelligence can be structured along three evolutionary stages. What Is Artificial Intelligence? There are three different types of artificial intelligence first we have artificial narrow intelligence, artificial general intelligence, and artificial super intelligence.
Artificial Narrow Intelligence
1- Artificial Narrow Intelligence which is also known as weak AI involves applying artificial intelligence only to specific tasks. Now many currently existing systems that claim to use artificial intelligence are operating as weak Artificial Intelligence focused on a narrowly defined specific problem now Alexa is a very good example of narrow intelligence.
it operates within a limited predefined range of functions there is no genuine intelligence or no self-awareness despite being a sophisticated example of weak AI other examples of weak AI include the face verification that you see in your iPhone the autopilot feature at Tesla the social humanoid Sophia which is built at Hanson robotics and finally we have Google Maps all of these applications are based on weak Artificial Intelligence or artificial narrow intelligence.
Artificial General Intelligence
2- Artificial General Intelligence is also known as strong AI it involves machines that possess the ability to perform any intellectual task that a human being can you see machines don’t possess human-like abilities we have a strong processing unit that can perform high-level computations but they are not yet capable of thinking and reasoning like a human
there are many experts who doubt that artificial general intelligence will ever be possible and there are also many who question whether it should be desirable I am sure all of you have heard of Stephen Hawking now he warned us that strong AI would take off on its own and redesign itself at an ever-increasing rate human who is limited by slow biological evolution couldn’t compete and would be superseded.
Artificial Super Intelligence
3- Artificial Super Intelligence this is a term that refers to the time when the capabilities of computers will surpass human beings artificial superintelligence is presently seen as a hypothetical situation as depicted in movies and science-fiction books where machines will take over the world however tech masterminds like Elon Musk believe that artificial superintelligence will take over the world by the year 2040 now that you know the different types of artificial intelligence.
What Is Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence is used in the real world from spotting an eat planet solar system which is 2,500 light-years away to composing sonnets and poems the applications of AI have covered all possible domains in the market in the finance sector JP Morgan’s G’s contract intelligence platform uses artificial intelligence machine learning and image recognition software to analyze legal documents and extract important data points and clauses in a matter of seconds now manually reviewing 12,000 agreements take over $36,000 but AI was able to do this in a matter of seconds coming to healthcare.
IBM is one of the pioneers that has developed AI software perfectly for medicine more than 230 healthcare organizations worldwide use IBM Watson technology in 2016 IBM Watson AI technology was able to cross-reference 20 million oncology records and correctly diagnose rare leukemia conditions in a patient coming to the next application google’s AI eye doctor is another initiative taken by google where they are working with an Indian IKEA chain to develop an AI system which can examine retina scans and identify a condition called diabetic retinopathy which causes blindness
coming to social media platforms like Facebook artificial intelligence is used for face verification whereas machine learning and deep learning concepts are used to detect facial features and tag your friends another such example is Twitter’s AI which is being used to identify hate speech and terroristic languages in tweets it makes use of machine learning deep learning and natural language processing to filter out offensive content the company discovered and banned three hundred thousand terrorist-linked accounts ninety-five percent of which were found by non-human artificially intelligent machines
Google predictive search is one of the most famous Artificial Intelligence applications when you begin typing a search term and Google makes recommendations for you to choose from that is Artificial Intelligence in action predictive searches are based on data that Google collects about you such as your location your age and other personal details by using AI the search engine attempts to guess what you might be trying to find next we have virtual assistants watch will assistance like Siri Alexa and Cortana are examples of artificial intelligence
A newly released google virtual assistant called Google duplex has astonished millions of people not only cannot respond to calls and book appointments for you it adds a human touch now try to distinguish between Artificial Intelligence and the human can-you hi I’d like to reserve a table for Wednesday the 707 people it’s for four people well people win Wednesday at 6 p.m. Oh, actually really sir for like opera like apply people for you for people you can come so which one do you think is the watchful assistant let me know your answer in the comments now another famous application of artificial intelligence is self-driving cars.
Artificial Intelligence implements computer vision image detection and deep learning to build cars that can automatically detect objects and drive around without human intervention Elon Musk talks a ton about how AI is implemented in Tesla’s self-driving cars and autopilot features he quoted that Tesla will have fully self-driving cars ready by the end of the year and a Robo taxi version one that can ferry passengers without anyone behind the wheel so I can go on and on about the various er applications since the emergence of AI in the 1950s we have seen exponential growth in its potential.
Artificial Intelligence covers domains such as machine learning deep learning neural networks natural language processing knowledge base export systems and so on it has also made its way into computer vision and image processing as AI is branching out into every aspect of our lives is it possible that one-day e I might take over our lives and if it is possible how long will this take well it may be sooner than you think it is estimated that AI will take over the world within the next thirty years by then I hope we develop some sort of teleportation machine that helps us escape our very own creation.
Let us know your thoughts about What is Artificial Intelligence? in the comments so that’s all from my side until next time happy learning I hope you have enjoyed listening to this video please be kind enough to like it and can comment.
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